Melasma is a common dark or brownish spot in adult women with an incidence often related to pregnancy. The mark usually appears on the face and usually resembles the shape of a symmetrical butterfly. Here are the types of melasma and how to treat melasma at home.
What Is Melasma?
Melasma is a chronic condition that is characterized by the appearance of dark patches on the skin, which is very common in the face but can also affect the neck and arms.
Melasma not only makes you lose confidence in dark, stained skin but also makes you look older than your actual age. It is the phenomenon of stimulating melanin pigments that overgrow and uneven distribution on the skin.
Types Of Melasma
1. Epidermal Melasma
It is the most superficial condition and therefore, the easiest to treat. It happens when the melanin deposit occurs in the basal and suprabasal layers of the epidermis.
2. Dermal Melasma
This type of melasma on the skin occurs when the spots reach the superficial and deep dermis. Therefore, it is the case more complicated and challenging to adhere to the treatments.
3. Mixed Melasma
This case occurs when the two types of melanin deposits, the epidermal and the dermal, coexist in the same tissue. It is noteworthy that the deeper the pigment, the harder it is to obtain a good result in the treatment. Only a dermatologist can differentiate the type of melasma and its location in the layers of the skin.
Cause Of Melasma
The cause of this condition is due to direct exposure to the sun, due to disorders of the hormone, abuse of cosmetics containing chemicals or possible genetic inheritance.
How To Treat Melasma Naturally
Here are six ways to treat melasma from nature to help you regain a bright and smooth white skin for your skin.
1. Lemon Juice
Lemons will help you to remove obnoxious brown spots caused by melasma, giving you a bright, smooth white skin. Lemon juice contains vitamin C as one of the most effective antioxidants, reduces melanin, helps to rejuvenate the skin. At the same time, with a natural acid content, it will peel away the brown spots for a long time.
- One tablespoon of fresh milk
- One tablespoon honey
- One teaspoon lemon juice
How To Use:
- Mix the lemon juice, fresh milk, and honey.
- After that, apply to the burnt skin.
- Wait 15-20 minutes for the mixture to dry and then wash your face with warm water.
- Regularly use this method 2-3 times/week to get the best effect.
2. Green Papaya
Papaya is a fruit rich in vitamins, enzymes, and minerals. In particular, green papaya contains a lot of vitamin E, C. It helps to reduce the aging process of the skin, and treat dark pigmentation.
- Half of the green papaya
- Two tablespoons of pure honey
How To Use:
- Clean the papaya and remove the outer shell and the inside.
- Afterward, slice papaya and put it in a pure blender.
- Filter the papaya juice, remove the pulp.
- Then mix papaya juice with two tablespoons of honey.
- Apply this mixture to your face while combining gentle massage, especially in the darkened area for 5 minutes.
- Relax your face until the mixture on your skin is naturally dry.
- Wash your face thoroughly with warm water.
- Implement this method 2-3 times/week to see the effect as desired.
3. Betel Leaves
In addition to excellent antiseptic properties, betel leaves are no longer a secret to help women treat melasma effectively. Because betel leaves contain a lot of protein, fat, mineral salts, fiber, and carbohydrates. These are essential nutrients to help to prevent the production of melanin, making melasma, helping you regain bright skin.
- One handful of betel leaves
- Half a teaspoon of refined salt
How To Use:
- Rinse betel leaves and then soak them in salt water.
- Put the leaves in the pot and pour in 1cm of water.
- Boil for about 30 minutes, then turn off the heat.
- Add boiled betel leaves with a little broth to puree in a blender.
- Then, add this mixture to the remaining leaf boiled water, simmer, stir until it thickens.
- Allow the mixture to cool completely, then apply it to skin.
- After about 15-20 minutes, wash your face with cold water.
- Use this method regularly 2-3 times a week after cleansing your face to get the best effect.
You should put this mixture in a clean jar, cover tightly, store in the refrigerator in the cooling compartment to use gradually.
4. Turmeric And Yogurt
For a long time, turmeric has become a common ingredient for melasma used by women, especially women with melasma after birth. Because turmeric contains curcumin, it helps to darken dark spots, pigmentation, and regenerate skin cells very effectively.
Besides, yogurt contains lots of antibacterial enzymes against acne-causing bacteria. At the same time, with mildness and vitamins B1, B6, B12, C, yogurt also works to cool the skin, tighten pores, and lighten the skin effectively.
- Two teaspoons of pure turmeric
- 1/2 box of sugar-free yogurt
How To Use:
- Mix turmeric powder in yogurt box to create a smooth mixture.
- Wash your face thoroughly with cleanser and rub this mixture over your skin.
- After that, wait 15 minutes for the nutrients to absorb into the face and then rinse with water.
- Apply this simple method regularly 2-3 times per week to get the smooth, light skin as desired.
5. Pineapple Juice
Pineapple contains vitamins A, C, and bromic acid, which is not only nutrient-rich foods for the body but also beauty ingredients. It helps to treat acne, make white skin, and especially the treatment of melasma very effectively.
- One fresh pineapple
How To Use:
- Peel the pineapple then rinse, slice thinly.
- Add the sliced pineapple to the juice machine to squeeze the juice.
- After cleansing the face, use cotton wool to soak the pineapple juice on the face gently.
- Combining gentle facial massage help to circulate blood vessels for faster absorption of nutrients.
Note: This method should only use 2-3 times/week for best results. Because pineapple contains a certain amount of acid, it can cause skin irritation, vulnerable skin.
Notes When Treat Melasma At Home
1. Wash your face before applying a mask
Helps clean deep sebum, dirt and helps skin absorb more nutrients.
2. Use mask to treat melasma in the evening
After using natural masks, the skin is easy to catch, and if not carefully protected, it is easy to cause adverse effects. The evening is the best time to use the melasma mask. It is also the time to help skin relax and regenerate best.
3. Avoid exposure to sunlight and dirt
Sunlight and dirt are the leading causes of melasma, so you should always use sunscreen and wear a mask when you go out.
4. Moisturizes the skin
Many subjective friends forget this step. Although after applying a mask with a specific nutrient supply but losing a certain amount of oil and accompanying the dead cells to remove, your skin will be thin and more susceptible to sunburn. So, a layer of moisturizer for your skin or using lotion is essential.
5. Perform perseverance
Unlike the method using modern technologies, this method will slowly penetrate the skin. So you need to use regularly for a long time to get the desired results.