It is essential that diabetic patients follow a balanced diet to avoid possible complications resulting from their illness. They should also exercise regularly to take care of their health in general. Here we will present you the best diabetic diet that you may follow.
On the other hand, people with diabetes should improve their diet. Indeed, it must become an integral part of their treatment, to keep the blood sugar level under control.
It is also essential to change many other lifestyle habits. As well to cope with the disease as to avoid complications. It, therefore, means eating high-quality nutritional foods, in moderate portions, while respecting the usual times of each meal.
While there may be variations in weight, age, and other possible health conditions, it is usually a matter of moderating calories, while also meeting the nutritional needs of the body.
But what should and should not eat a diabetic patient? What are the main recommendations? Knowing that this question raises many doubts, in this article, we will share with you the most relevant aspects.
Objectives Of Diabetic Diet
First, people with diabetes or pre-diabetes should adopt a specific diet to control high glucose levels and related symptoms.
Among the main objectives, we can mention the following:
- Control the high blood sugar level
- Maintain a balanced weight
- Avoid cardiovascular complications
- Reduce cholesterol and triglyceride levels
- Maintain good kidney function
- Stimulate the activity of the nervous system
Benefits Of Diabetic Diet
First, patients with this chronic disease can suffer many consequences when they do not take the necessary steps to deal with the effects it has on the entire body.
That’s why improving nutrition is a series of benefits that allow us to guarantee a better quality of life, even if the problem has no definitive cure.
In other words, a strict diet promotes glycemic control, optimizes the production and use of insulin and thus regulates blood circulation in the event of associated complications.
With this, you will get benefits such as:
- First, a stable blood pressure
- Prevention of visual difficulties
- Then, fatigue management
- Physical and mental well-being
- Finally, maintaining the weight of health
Best Diabetic Diet
What To Eat In Diabetic Diet
A diabetic diet is based on three main meals a day, at regular times. It allows the body to make better use of the insulin it produces or receives through medication.
Also, doctors often recommend a visit to a nutritionist. Precisely because each case can evolve differently, but there are some basic recommendations in general.
1. Healthy Carbohydrates
- Fruits and vegetables
- Complete seeds
- Legumes (beans, lentils or peas)
- Low-fat dairy products
2. Dietary Fiber
- Wholemeal flour or wheat bran
- Dried fruits
- Green vegetables and fruits
3. Healthy Fatty Acids
- Oily fish
- Seeds and dried fruits
- Olive oil and rapeseed oil
- Lean meats (chicken or turkey)
- Skimmed or low-fat dairy products
- Fish and seafood
What Not To Eat In Diabetic Diet?
Be that as it may, diabetes increases the risk of heart disease, stroke and a variety of other life-threatening chronic diseases.
That is why, in addition to eating healthy foods, it is essential to remove or limit the consumption of certain foods that may be harmful.
1. Saturated Fats
- Pork bacon
- Refined vegetable oils
2. Trans Fats
- Industrial drinks
- Industrial bakery products and pastries
- Dairy products and animal protein (in excess)
- Egg yolks
- Fast food
- Desserts and pastries
- Fine table salt
- Canned or industrial products
Note: It is recommended to consume less than 2.3 g of sodium per day. In the case of hypertension, consume less than 1.5 g per day.
- Added sugar
- Sweets and desserts
- Bakery products
- Industrial cereals
Tips To Improve Diabetic Diet
Also, regardless of the diet recommended by the nutritionist, there are some general tips to improve its effects on the body.
1. First, increase the power frequency. That is, instead of taking three large meals, eat five to six smaller portions.
2. Then set a fixed schedule for each meal.
3. Establish an immutable schedule for taking medications.
4. Then, do regular physical exercise.
5. Finally, monitor your carbohydrate intake.
6. And suppress the consumption of alcoholic beverages.
Finally, eating healthy can be a challenge for people who have recently been diagnosed with diabetes. However, this is the best way to deal with the disease.