Understanding Heart Rate
What is heart rate?
- Heart rate is the number of times the heart beats per minute. It is often felt in the wrist with two fingertips.
Normal heart rate range
- A normal heart rate ranges from 60 to 100 beats per minute.
- A heart rate below 60 beats per minute is considered low and a heart rate above 100 beats per minute is considered fast.
Low heart rate
- Low heart rate, also known as bradycardia, can cause dizziness and weakness.
- Athletes and physically fit individuals may have a low heart rate, but it is a concern if it drops below 40 or 35 beats per minute.
- If you experience dizziness or weakness with a low heart rate, it is important to seek medical attention.
Fast heart rate
- Fast heart rate, also known as tachycardia, can cause weakness and may be seen in people with fever, anemia, thyroid disease, or significant heart conditions.
Healthy heart rate
- A healthy heart rate is typically around 60 to 70 beats per minute.
- Cardiologists may prescribe beta blockers to slow the heart rate and improve heart function in individuals with heart disease.
Seeking medical attention
- If you have concerns about your heart rate or heart rhythm problems, it is important to seek medical attention from a qualified healthcare professional.
Dr. Ramesh Goda Borgia, a cardiologist at Mount Sinai Doctors in Brooklyn Heights, is available to assist with any heart rate or heart rhythm concerns.
What is the normal resting heart rate for adults?
The normal resting heart rate for adults is typically between 60 and 100 beats per minute. It is important to note that heart rate can vary based on factors such as age, physical fitness level, and underlying health conditions.
Can stress and anxiety affect heart rate?
Yes, stress and anxiety can increase heart rate. Stress activates the body's "fight or flight" response, which can cause the heart to beat faster.
Can certain medications affect heart rate?
Some medications, such as beta blockers and calcium channel blockers, can slow heart rate. Other medications, such as stimulants and decongestants, can increase heart rate.
What should I do if I have a consistently high or low heart rate?
If you have a consistently high or low heart rate, it is important to speak with a healthcare professional. They can assess your heart rate and determine the cause and appropriate treatment.
Is it normal for heart rate to vary throughout the day?
It is normal for heart rate to vary throughout the day due to various factors such as physical activity, stress, and changes in body position. However, if you notice significant or consistent changes in your heart rate, it is important to speak with a healthcare professional.